John Henry Davis and Lucretia Eleanor CarpenterGeneration Four: John Henry Davis & Lucretia Eleanor Carpenter
My Great Grandparents
John Henry Davis was born on January 9, 1853 in Steubenville, Jefferson County, Ohio, the sixth of seventh children of Simeson Davis and Margaret Ann McConnell.
He married Lucretia Eleanor Carpenter on May 5, 1884 in Appanoose County Iowa at the age of 31. Lucretia was 21 years old. Lucretia was born November 24, 1862 in Keokuk, Lee County, Iowa. She was the daughter of William Albert Carpenter (1829-1919) and Martha Ann Blue (1839-1888).
Lucretia Eleanor Carpenter and Family
Before we go into John's history let's find out a little bit more about Lucretia and her family.
Lucretia was born on November 24, 1862 in Keokuk, Lee County, Iowa, the third child of five and the only daughter.
Lucretia's father, William Albert Carpenter, was the third child of eight. He was born in Harrison, Indiana on July 25, 1829. At some point his parents moved to Black Hawk County, Iowa according the the 1850 Census (most likely near Waterloo/Cedar Falls area). Lucretia's mother, Martha Ann Blue, was living with her parents in Keokuk, Iowa according to the 1856 Iowa State Census. Martha was born September 8, 1839 in Clear Creek, Illinois, the second child of 10 children. I can't find a Census that places William in or near Keokuk but that is where they were married on November 3, 1859; she was 20 and William was 30.
Iowa and the Civil War
According to the 1860 Census William and family were still in Keokuk, Iowa where he owned his farm worth $1,100 and had a personal net worth of $600. During this time period Lincoln was running for President and the question of whether slavery could spread north into Iowa was high on many Iowan farmers minds. Iowa voted in the majority for Lincoln. 1860 was also when the South decided to secede from the Union. As the war began, Iowa was committted to the Union cause. Thousands of Iowans volunteered at the first call for soldiers. Most Iowa soldiers found mainly in the western confederate states. In the frontier areas of northwest Iowa, Indian raids prompted hundreds of settlers to flee to more heavily populated areas. In the year Lucretia was born, 1862, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Annie Turner Wittenmeyer who lived in Keokuk was very effective in helping to improve the hospitals for injured Union soldiers. More Iowa soliders fought in the war than any other states and more died of disease than were killed in combat. At the end of the war the Republican party dominated state politics. The Republican party also favored granting more rights to black Iowans. Iowa gave the vote to black men even before the national amendment.
Also of note is that by 1862 Indians native to Iowa had given up all the land the had occupied for centuries through either purchases or treaties.
After Dorinda died in 1895 John married Matilda Jane Minks (1863-1937) on July 25, 1895 in Grant City, Missouri John died on Janury 2, 1939 in Livonia, Missouri at age 77. He is buried in Mitchel Cemetery in Putnam County, Missouri with Matilda who died on March 8, 1937 in West Grove, Iowa at the age of 73. John and Matilda had the following children:
- Hazel Carpenter: born in 1897, most likely in Missouri. No death date or other information but I believe she died very young.
- Lettie Fern Carpenter: born March 13, 1898 in Putnam County, Missouri. She married Clint Orville Robb (1895-1973) on September 25, 1925 in Putnam County Missouri. Lettie died on February 10, 1979 in Albia, Iowa at age 80. Lettie and Clint are buried at Taylor Cemetery in Appanoose County, Iowa. They had three children.
Lucretia's Family Tree
Lucretia's mother was Martha Ann Blue. Martha's family tree extends back to Denmark in the 1600s where their last name was Blauw or Blau. The first Blue to come to America was Jan Frederiske Blauw (1657-1693). His son, John Blaw was baptised at the Brooklyn Dutch Reformed Church in Kings County, New York. He later became a large land owner in New Jersey. There are a few "Blue Family" websites tracking the Blue family. One of them can be found here.
The graphic below shows the lineage to me.
Blue Family Revolutionary War Connection: John Blue Sr. (outlined in red) was born May 27, 1750 in Wilmington, Delware. He was babtized in the famous Holy Trinity Church in Wilmington in 1752. He enlisted in the Continental Army at Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania on August 2, 1777 where he served as a Private in Captain Scott's Company with the Pennsylvania troops. He fought in the battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777 which ended in a British victory. Private Blue was wounded in the head and taken prisoner, conveyed to Wilmington and later taken to Philadelphia and imprisoned. He was released from prison June 14, 1778 during a prisoner exchange. Two days later he was discharged from service. He applied for pension from Tippecanoe County, Indiana in 1832 and a last payment was sent to him at Corydon, Indiana.
Martha's great grandmother was Elizabeth McNary. Elizabeth's father, John McNary (1752-1830) also served in the Revolutionary War. Martha's grandmother Isabelle Webb was daughter of William Webb (1777-1842) and Jane Hillis (1786-1834). Jane's father, Robert Hillis (1755-1826) also fought in the Revolutionary War. Both the McNary and Webb lines go back to early America.
John Henry Davis and Lucretia Eleanor Davis Family Tree
John and Lucretia's Children (my great aunts and uncles):